Ficus Lyrata, also known as the “fiddle-leaf fig” is a flowering houseplant. It makes a bold statement in your home and office. The plant is native to West Africa. It is a plant with very glossy green leaves that really brings nature very close to you. The New York Times adjudged the plant as the trendiest. Many say it is a tricky plant to take care of, but, this is a fallacy. It looks splendid at home or office. It adds aesthetics to any space that it adorns. It is a tough houseplant because of its water retention ability. Usually, people locate it in front of the glass or door where it has the light you can also put it as you decorate needy a place.
Ficus lyrata Benefits
Ficus has some health benefits that are not known to many people. The leaves serve as an air purifier. It helps to eliminate dust and controls humidity.
It prevents health problems like sore throats, coughs, and cold. These are very important benefits you cannot overlook.
It is a toxic plant. If eaten by pests like cats and dogs could lead to stomach upsets and may eventually lead to their death. It is not pleasant for human consumption too.
Ficus needs to be re-potted at least once a year. Use a larger pot when you are re-potting the plant so as to accommodate its growth.
It requires enough room for its roots to expand. That is why a larger pot is so important.
Lyrata needs watering every week, especially during its growing period. Watering must be reduced when it is winter period. Never drop the plant in large water. Always drain it of too much water.
Spray the water in the leaves so the leaves will be fresh & will look live all the time. Put also water in the rocks slowly. It is not good for the lyrata if the water is not reaching to the root. It will happen if you water first & the water will not reach also central root, as a result, the central root will try & it will affect the plant & leaves. For this reason, the plant can die also.
It’s good you can make some whole by knife or pencil so the water will reach the branch root & main root.
Quantity of water
When you will start watering the plant try to use a spray bottle or watering can so you can measure the water as the plant need. Water it in first will 700 ml then it will give you the feedback you will easily imagine as the plant need water.
Ficus needs bright light to grow well. It does not need dim light. It needs exposure to the early morning sun. Return it to shade in the afternoon. No need for direct sunlight that could burn its leaves. The plant helps to eliminate Volatile Organic Compound (VOCs).
Ficus does not need strong fertilizer. Feed it with liquid fertilizer in order to make it grow properly and flourish during its growing season.
Ficus may occasionally show up some brown spots on its leaves or foliage. This is not unusual. Consistent browning and dropping of leaves may happen due to irregular airflow. It could happen due to the lack of humidity in the environment where it is placed. It is important to take note of this too. It is also advised to use a humidifier or misting close to the plant. This will help give the plant the humidity it badly needs to survive. At least, once a month, water the plant in order to flush out toxins, salt, and other impurities so as to give the soil a breath of fresh air.
Ficus is a plant that is very sensitive to chemicals. The chemicals may come from the tap water that is usually used to water the plant. Check the moisture of the soil level quarterly. Then take the action increase or decrease watering as need.
Don,t put it the place where has direct sunlight the plant will not survive direct sunlight it leaves will die. You must have to keep it in shadow/shades or covered area.
If the leaves are drying or some area of leaves are drying shift is in suitable temperature & Watering it as schedule like in every 3 days once.
The plant can live anywhere of the earth in a temperature of 55-80°F (14-26°C). If the temperature is more you can replace it in the suitable temperature area of your apartment or house.
Lyrata no needs too much food as other plants need. But you can feed it once a month for great results. You can give it liquid fertilizer that you can collect from your nearest garden center. Some people like 20-20-20 formula of feeding or you can ask when you will buy the fertilizer from the center.
Dust and care for leaves
Ficus lyrata has a big leave surface that accumulates dust a lot. Dust is very dangerous to the plant because it blocks the absorption of light. Wipe off the dust with a clean soft cloth and that is it.
Lyrata needs pruning at least once a year. You would need pruning shears, disinfecting household cleaner, and a clean cloth. Follow these steps to prune the plant
- Remove all the dead leaves around the plant
- Disinfect the pruning shears before using it because it may have been infected by bacteria
- Prune out the dead parts of the plant so that it can be left with healthy parts
- Prune out leaves that obstruct others.
Ficus lyrata problems:
- The plant is can,t live in direct sun rays.
- Plant roots should get water.
- You have to re-potted it at least yearly.
- The plant you have to keep away from dust.
Ficus lyrata outdoors:
You also can keep the plant outdoor but the temperature should not exceed 26°C otherwise it will not survive. There was another type of lyrata also for outdoor you can try.